Jurassic Park (1993)

 ●  English ● 2 hrs 6 mins

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Authentic and thrilling, this masterfully crafted sci-fi adventure follows John Hammond (Richard Attenborough), the founder and CEO of bio-engineering company InGen, that has created a theme park called Jurassic Park on Isla Nublar, a tropical island near Costa Rica, populated with cloned dinosaurs. After a park worker is killed by a Velociraptor, the park's investors, represented by the lawyer Donald Gennaro (Martin Ferrero), demand that experts visit the park and certify it as safe. Gennaro invites the mathematician Ian Malcolm (Jeff Goldblum) while Hammond invites paleontologist Dr. Alan Grant (Sam Neill) and paleobotanist Dr. Ellie Sattler (Laura Dern). Upon arrival on Isla Nublar, the group is stunned to see a Brachiosaurus and a herd of Parasaurolophus in the distance. At the visitor center, the crew learns through an explanatory video and a tour through a laboratory that the cloning was accomplished by extracting the DNA of dinosaurs from mosquitoes that had been preserved in amber. However, the strands of DNA were incomplete, so DNA from frogs was used to fill in the gaps. The dinosaurs were all cloned genetically as females in order to prevent breeding. The group is then joined by Hammond's grandchildren, Lex and Tim Murphy (Ariana Richards and Joseph Mazzello) for a tour of the park, while Hammond oversees the trip from the park's control room. With a major tropical storm approaching the island, will their tour be pleasant and safe? What will the experts discover in terms of the park's safety measures and the power of its inhabitants?
See Storyline (May Contain Spoilers)

Cast: Laura Dern, Sam Neill

Crew: Steven Spielberg (Director), Dean Cundey (Director of Photography), John Williams (Music Director)

Rating: U/A (India)

Genres: Adventure, Sci-Fi

Release Dates: 11 Jun 1993 (India)

Tagline: Life finds a way.

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Did you know? As the story takes place on an island near Costa Rica, the filmmakers originally considered filming in Costa Rica. This idea was quickly abandoned when they realized that the Costa Rican government would not allow them to build roads to get to their filming locations. Read More
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as Dr Ellie Sattler
as Dr Alan Grant
as Lex Murphy
as Henry Wu
as Robert Muldoon
as Lab Technician
as Driver of Grant
Supporting Actor
as Mate
as Miner - Dug Out Mosquito
as Gerry Harding
as Mr DNA
as Dr Ian Malcolm
as Worker in Raptor Pen
as Tim Murphy
as Archeologist
as Donald Gennaro
as Juanito Rostagno
as John Hammond
as Jurassic Park Tour Voice
as Ray Arnold
as Helicopter Pilot
as Dennis Nedry
Supporting Actor

Direction

Director

Production

Associate Producer
Production Manager
Unit Production Manager

Distribution

Distributor

Writers

Screenplay Writer
Novelist

Camera and Electrical

Director of Photography

Music

Music Director

Sound

Sound Effects Editor

Art

Production Designer
Set Decorator

Casting

Casting Director

Editorial

Editor

Stunts

Stunt Coordinator
Film Type:
Feature Film
Language:
English
Colour Info:
Color
Sound Mix:
Dolby, DTS
Camera:
Panavision Panaflex, Panavision PSR
Frame Rate:
24 fps
Aspect Ratio:
1.85 : 1 (Flat), 2.35 : 1
Stereoscopy:
No
Taglines:
Life finds a way.
Remember. Return. Relive in 3D. Celebrate the 20th Anniversary of the adventure 65 million years in the making. [3D re-release]
An adventure 65 million years in the making.
The most phenomenal discovery of our time... becomes the greatest adventure of all time.
Goofs:
Audio/Video Mismatch
When Ray Arnold uses the UNIX command prompt to access the park's security system his spoken commands do not match his typed commands. For example the first typed command is "access security" and the first spoken command is "access main program." None of his spoken commands match the commands entered in the prompt.

Audio/Video Mismatch
When Lex falls through the ceiling, she is screaming but her mouth isn't moving.

Audio/Video Mismatch
When the T-Rex is attacking the car with Lex and Tim, in a shot through the roof wind-shield, you can hear them scream. However, their mouths stay closed.

Audio/Video Mismatch
As Hammond was hearing the shotgun fire through the telephone, we can hear that what was firing was like a pistol the bangs and the rate of fire. Shotguns usually have a slower rate of fire and sound far more louder than a pistol, and when the shot goes to the glass behind the "ride" it looked like holes from 9mm pistol rounds instead of .12 guage shotgun rounds.

Audio/Video Mismatch
When the goat is offered to the T-Rex, you hear the bleating sound of a sheep as opposed to a goat's bleating sound.

Character Error
In the embryo freezing chamber, Tyrannosaurus Rex is spelled with only one "n" instead of two. Also, Stegosaurus is spelled "Stegasaurus".

Character Error
As Dr. Grant lectures the cynical boy at the dig site about the velociraptor, he says that the velociraptor's claw was used to eviscerate and tear its victims apart, as opposed to going for the neck like many of today's predators. The fossilized remains of a velociraptor caught in a feud with its prey clearly show the velociraptor stabbing the prey in the neck with its claw. The Truth About Killer Dinosaurs (2005) also conducted an experiment to see if the claw could eviscerate flesh. It couldn't.

Character Error
The command prompt used by Ray Arnold while attempting to access security settings appears to have correctly started in normal user mode, as the prompt symbol is simply a ">" character. He would have to enable superuser mode, often indicated by a "#" symbol, to access important system information such as security settings. Perhaps the enable command was "please."

Character Error
In the scripted audio tour, the narrator refers to the dilophosaurus as poisonous, when in fact if the method of toxin exchange is spitting or biting, then it is actually venomous. Is this interesting? | Share this Continuity When they arrive at the T-Rex cage right before the black out, we can clearly see the ground inside the cage is approximately flush with that outside the cage. But when the T-Rex escapes and begins to terrorize the two trucks, the ground in the cage is shown to be at least 100 feet below where it was before.

Continuity
When Tim looks through the windshield with the goggles, Lex is looking in his At the beginning, when the group is walking up to the front door of the visitor's center, the stone top of the entrance exceeds the bottom of the roof, but in the subsequent close up shot, the stone entrance is smaller, with sheets of grass/straw behind it.

Continuity
When Dennis Nedry checks the shaving cream canister diversion safe he places the cream on a pie, in the next shot his hand is completely clean of cream before he wipes his hand.

Continuity
When the two jeeps are approaching the Brachiosaurus, Hammond instructs his driver to hastily stop the jeep to which the driver complies, halting the vehicle. The shot then changes to the first car and we can see Hammond's car is still moving, even though we saw and heard it stop in the previous shot.

Continuity
In the T-Rex attack scene when Grant and Lex are inches from the Rex, they are leaning right against the upside-down car (notice Grant's hat). In the next shot, they are at least a few feet from the car and in a different position.

Continuity
When Dennis is taking the embryos in the shaving cream can, the can changes between red and blue and then back again when it is being covered in the mud.

Continuity
When Dr. Grant starts climbing into the tree that contains the Explorer with Tim trapped inside, the tree is dripping with water from the rain. A few seconds later when he reaches the Explorer there are no drops falling down. When Dr. Grant start talking to Tim you can see water drip behind him again.

Continuity
Jump to: Audio/visual unsynchronised (5) | Character error (4) | Continuity (89) | Crew or equipment visible (18) | Errors in geography (2) | Factual errors (6) | Incorrectly regarded as goofs (11) | Plot holes (4) | Revealing mistakes (37) | Spoilers (2) Audio/visual unsynchronised When Ray Arnold uses the UNIX command prompt to access the park's security system his spoken commands do not match his typed commands. For example the first typed command is "access security" and the first spoken command is "access main program." None of his spoken commands match the commands entered in the prompt. 3 of 3 found this interesting | Share this When Lex falls through the ceiling, she is screaming but her mouth isn't moving. 1 of 1 found this interesting | Share this When the T-Rex is attacking the car with Lex and Tim, in a shot through the roof wind-shield, you can hear them scream. However, their mouths stay closed. 1 of 1 found this interesting | Share this As Hammond was hearing the shotgun fire through the telephone, we can hear that what was firing was like a pistol the bangs and the rate of fire. Shotguns usually have a slower rate of fire and sound far more louder than a pistol, and when the shot goes to the glass behind the "ride" it looked like holes from 9mm pistol rounds instead of .12 guage shotgun rounds. Is this interesting? | Share this When the goat is offered to the T-Rex, you hear the bleating sound of a sheep as opposed to a goat's bleating sound. 0 of 1 found this interesting | Share this Character error In the embryo freezing chamber, Tyrannosaurus Rex is spelled with only one "n" instead of two. Also, Stegosaurus is spelled "Stegasaurus". 2 of 2 found this interesting | Share this As Dr. Grant lectures the cynical boy at the dig site about the velociraptor, he says that the velociraptor's claw was used to eviscerate and tear its victims apart, as opposed to going for the neck like many of today's predators. The fossilized remains of a velociraptor caught in a feud with its prey clearly show the velociraptor stabbing the prey in the neck with its claw. The Truth About Killer Dinosaurs (2005) also conducted an experiment to see if the claw could eviscerate flesh. It couldn't. 1 of 1 found this interesting | Share this The command prompt used by Ray Arnold while attempting to access security settings appears to have correctly started in normal user mode, as the prompt symbol is simply a ">" character. He would have to enable superuser mode, often indicated by a "#" symbol, to access important system information such as security settings. Perhaps the enable command was "please." Is this interesting? | Share this In the scripted audio tour, the narrator refers to the dilophosaurus as poisonous, when in fact if the method of toxin exchange is spitting or biting, then it is actually venomous. Is this interesting? | Share this Continuity When they arrive at the T-Rex cage right before the black out, we can clearly see the ground inside the cage is approximately flush with that outside the cage. But when the T-Rex escapes and begins to terrorize the two trucks, the ground in the cage is shown to be at least 100 feet below where it was before. 6 of 6 found this interesting | Share this When Tim looks through the windshield with the goggles, Lex is looking in his direction. When the shot switches to the outside, she is looking elsewhere. 1 of 2 found this interesting | Share this At the beginning, when the group is walking up to the front door of the visitor's center, the stone top of the entrance exceeds the bottom of the roof, but in the subsequent close up shot, the stone entrance is smaller, with sheets of grass/straw behind it. Is this interesting? | Share this When Dennis Nedry checks the shaving cream canister diversion safe he places the cream on a pie, in the next shot his hand is completely clean of cream before he wipes his hand. Is this interesting? | Share this When the two jeeps are approaching the Brachiosaurus, Hammond instructs his driver to hastily stop the jeep to which the driver complies, halting the vehicle. The shot then changes to the first car and we can see Hammond's car is still moving, even though we saw and heard it stop in the previous shot. Is this interesting? | Share this In the T-Rex attack scene when Grant and Lex are inches from the Rex, they are leaning right against the upside-down car (notice Grant's hat). In the next shot, they are at least a few feet from the car and in a different position. Is this interesting? | Share this When Dennis is taking the embryos in the shaving cream can, the can changes between red and blue and then back again when it is being covered in the mud. When Dr. Grant starts climbing into the tree that contains the Explorer with Tim trapped inside, the tree is dripping with water from the rain. A few seconds later when he reaches the Explorer there are no drops falling down. When Dr. Grant start talking to Tim you can see water drip behind him again.

Continuity
When Dennis crashes the Jeep in the Dilophasaurous section of the island, the Jeep gets stuck on a tree branch. Dennis ties a cable to a tree to free the Jeep from the tree branch. The cable is clearly seen sitting straight. When Dennis is face to face with the lizard in front of the Jeep, the cable is somehow gone. And it stays like this throughout the whole scene.

Continuity
When Alan, Timmy, and Lex are running from the Gallimimus herd, some of the dinosaurs run past them, but in the next scene, shot from behind, there aren't any in front of them.

Continuity
When the two grandchildren are in the jeep and the T-Rex smashes down on the plexiglass roof, a large section breaks where Tim is holding it up. When the camera switches positions, the glass is whole again.

Continuity
In the scene with Ellie and Hammond, she leans forward to grab a spoonful of ice cream. The next shot is from behind Ellie, and shows her at the end of a long table, with the ice cream cartons 6-8 feet away from her and out of reach.

Continuity
Immediately after Sattler's encounter with the Velociraptor in the powerhouse, she lunges toward the door, and the door is closed. In the close-up shot after that, the door is fully open. But in the next shot, the door is fully closed again.

Continuity
After the two raptors hear the soup ladle fall on the floor, Lex is shown crawling to go to the other side of the kitchen, and Tim is briefly shown following behind. But in the next shot, Tim is just then starting to crawl to the other side of the cabinet.

Continuity
When chased by the Raptor and going above the ceiling, Alan Grant gets to some kind of a hatch and makes everyone pass before going in himself. Right after, he's the first to exit the duct and makes everyone pass (again) onto the T-Rex bone structure.

Continuity
When the Explorer falls out of the tree, the left front headlight gets smashed by a tree branch. As it falls further, the light is on in some shots and off in others, alternating about five times. When the T-Rex steps on the upside-down Explorer, the A-, B-, and C-pillars all buckle and the roof caves in. Later, the interior shots of Timmy and Lex trying to get out show that the pillars are all still intact and the vehicle is simply sinking into the mud.

Continuity
Gennarro runs off and leaves Lex and Tim in the Explorer when the T-rex appears, and leaves the car door open. Later, we see the same vehicle through the windscreen of Grant and Malcolm's vehicle and the same door is closed. Later on still, Tim shuts the door which is what attracts the T-rex's attention.

Continuity
As the cars are going back to the Visitor Center, they are traveling through dense jungle when they "suddenly" stop, yet in later scenes, they are in an extremely open area.

Continuity
When they leave the compound at the end, Grant jumps in the passenger side and Hammond drives away. When they reach the helicopters, Grant gets out of the driver's side and Hammond, Sattler, and the kids are shown walking toward the Jeep from behind it as if they rode in another one.

Continuity
In the movie theater, when Hammond clicks his remote to lock the restraints in place, only the bars on the front row moves. In the next shot, all three rows are locked down.

Continuity
During the introduction ride, where it is shown and explained how the dinos are made, you hear the recorded voice saying the genetically engineered dino DNA is put into unfertilized ostrich eggs - but moments later we see a baby velociraptor hatching from what appears to be an actual dinosaur egg.

Continuity
Tim's left ear is bloody from the electrocution he suffered (probably a blown eardrum), and it's visible in the buffet scene, but when they are evading the velociraptors his ear is devoid of blood, and his hair is pretty well styled (as opposed to being frizzy from the frying).

Continuity
As the gas Jeeps travel through the park from the heliport to the Visitor's Center, their tops are configured to be completely open air. As Dr. Grant sees the brachiosaurus for the first time, he reaches up to grab the Jeep's roll bar to stand. The Jeep's canopy covering the front seat passengers is closed. Seconds later when he reaches down the turn Dr. Sattler's head to the left it's open again.

Continuity
As Alan Grant gazes at the herd of brachiosaurus, he's sitting on the ground between Ellie Satler and John Hammond. But in a reverse-angle shot showing the three characters in the foreground and the dinosaurs in the distance, Ellie is standing between Hammond and Grant.

Continuity
Ellie makes a break for the maintenance shed. She jumps over a log and the shed can be seen in the distance. She then swings from a branch and then jumps over the same log again. Evidently, this was a different take as the shed is virtually lost in the fog effects.

Continuity
When Dennis jeep get stuck he notices a sign telling him which way to the docks, in the first shot the Arrow is pointing up. A few seconds later when Dennis falls down and proceeds into the jungle to attach the cable, the arrow is pointing to the left.

Continuity
When the T-Rex roars right by the jeep door, Timmy not only does not react to the earsplitting sound, he's not even looking at the Rex. The scene then quickly cuts to a closeup of him cowering in terror.

Continuity
When Lex and Tim, go into the kitchen to hide from the raptors, there are several mats along the floor, but during the closeup shots of the raptors' feet the floor mats are gone.

Continuity
When the T-Rex attacks the Explorer, the first shot shows the Rex nudging the driver's window. In the next shot of the T-Rex it is letting go of the nudge much lower down, from the door itself.

Crew/Equipment Visible
When the raptors are being fed for the viewing of the visitors, a crew member's white shirt can clearly be seen shaking the leaves in the pit as the raptors attack their prey.

Crew/Equipment Visible
A studio light and a potted tree are briefly visible in the background when the T-Rex flips over Lex and Timmy's car.

Crew/Equipment Visible
When the gate keeper falls off the top of the cage, a crewmember's hand stops the stuntman from hitting the camera.

Crew/Equipment Visible
When Dr. Grant, Lex, and Tim have just climbed up the tree where they'll meet the brachiosaurus, there's a scaffold visible in the background on the left just behind a horizontal branch. In a later scene, when they are asleep and just about to wake up, the net used to hang distant branches and leaves is clearly visible in the top third of the frame for almost the full width. Below that, once again the scaffold silhouetted against the background light.

Crew/Equipment Visible
During the Gallimimus stampede when Grant, Lex, and Tim seek shelter under the fallen tree, you can see the shadow of a camera or crew member on Grant's body a few seconds before the T-Rex appears.

Errors in Geography
Nedry is shown seated at a beachfront cafe behind the caption "San Jose, Costa Rica". San Jose is landlocked, without any adjoining lakes.

Continuity
Just after Malcolm is rescued, you see him sitting in the back of the jeep in the T-Rex area next to the other vehicle viewing the tremors in the water. In the next shot he is hurrying the others to come to the vehicle and they are in a completely different area of the park.

Factual Mistake
The mosquito that is encased in amber, and from which the DNA sample is extracted is male. This is evident from the "bushy" look of the antennae. Female mosquitoes have far fewer hairs on their antennae, and so the distinction is easily made. Only females drink blood, as it is needed to produce eggs. There would not have been any dinosaur DNA in the male to extract.

Factual Mistake
When Nedry is stealing embryos, one group can be seen marked as "Stegasaurus". Dr. Grant tests the electric fence by throwing a wooden branch at it. This would not reveal whether or not the electric fence is active because wood is an insulator and does not conduct electricity.

Miscellaneous
Many of the animals are depicted inaccurately, but this can be explained within the storyline - the InGen scientists have made mistakes or deliberate alterations to the species they cloned. They combined Velociraptor with Deinonychus, made Dilophosaurus a dwarf, and gave Brachiosaurus a chewing ability.

Continuity
In the scene in the control room where Mr. Arnold says that "fences are failing all over the park", you can clearly see on the computer screen that the raptor paddock fences are included. Later John asks "the raptor fences aren't out are they?" Mr. Arnold tells him that they are still on. However, earlier in the movie it was stated that the velociraptors had to be contained in a separate holding pen - which is shown in the movie - away from the paddock shown on the map.

Factual Mistake
Dr. Grant is shown at the beginning of the film excavating a Velociraptor in Montana. True Velociraptors have only been found in central Asia, but Montana was home to the closely related Deinonychus, which some paleontologists considered to be the same as Velociraptor at the time the original Jurassic Park novel was written. For the movie, they kept the incorrect name.

Continuity
When leaving the visitor coach to proceed to the laboratory, Dr. Grant, Dr. Sattler, and Dr. Malcolm have to push hard to lift their retaining clips which keep them on their seats during the ride, yet Hammond and Gennaro are able to lift theirs easily. As shown earlier, Hammond is holding the remote that controls the seat restraints; all he had to do was push a button to release the locks.

Miscellaneous
After shooting the velociraptor, Grant drops the shotgun on the ground, with the action open and the ejection port facing up. There is a shell visible halfway out of the receiver. This is probably the reason Grant stops trying to shoot the attacking raptors and drops the gun is precisely because of this "stovepipe" jam (assuming that he is not accustomed to firearms and therefore doesn't know racking the action would probably solve the problem).

Miscellaneous
It is quite unlikely that a really important room like the control room doesn't have a manual (or at least an independently powered) lock which would be operational in the event of a power outage.

Factual Mistake
The plot centers around finding dinosaur blood in fossilized mosquitoes trapped in amber. However, our first encounter with extinct life comes when Ellie examines a leaf and says, "This 'veriforman' species has been extinct since the Cretaceous." No mechanism is provided for how they could have cloned the plants, given that mosquitoes don't drink plant juices. It is possible that DNA could have been extracted from the amber (hardened tree-sap), but this still doesn't account for other types of plants, such as ferns and bushes.

Continuity
When the T-Rex first gets out, it claws open the fence and walks through the opening; however, when Dr. Grant and Lex go through the same spot in the fence, there is a significant drop (large enough for a jeep to drop past them and into a tree that Dr. Grant then climbs to rescue Tim). The dropoff that Dr. Grant and the kids scale down would have made the fence too tall for the T-Rex to reach or even see.

Continuity
After Tim has been shocked by the electric fence and is left in the dining area with Lex, his hair is clearly standing on end because of the shock. However, when he and Lex are being chased by the raptors in the kitchen, his hair is neatly styled.

Factual Mistake
When the goat leg falls on top of Tim and Lex's car, the severed end of the leg is cleanly cut, as if with a knife. Given that every time other we see the T-Rex feed it shakes its prey violently, like a shark would, the goat leg should be ragged and rent.

Miscellaneous
When Dilophosaurus spits on Nedry the second time, you can see smoke coming in from off-camera on the left side of the screen. The smoke originated from a special effects gun used to fire the fake venom.

Miscellaneous
When Ellie and Muldoon arrive at the T-Rex habitat after Grant and the children are attacked, you will notice Ellie's flashlight beaming onto a flat backdrop with trees clearly painted on it as she is stepping out of the vehicle.

Miscellaneous
A close-up of the amber head of John Hammond's cane (as he rotates it in the control room, during the scene when Nedry leaves to steal the embryos) shows an internal vertical reflective plane, indicating that the "amber" is actually an acrylic casting poured in at least 2 steps. Is this interesting? | Share this When the Dilophosaurus first spits at Nedry on the hill, there is nothing on his jacket - the poisonous substance is actually in Nedry's hand, and he smears it on his jacket himself. Is this interesting? | Share this In the scene where the T-Rex comes out of its area and walks in front of Dr. Grant and Dr. Malcolm's Explorer, the car and the camera move every time the dinosaur steps, as if to simulate small "earthquakes", but the Jurassic Park logo hanging from the mirror doesn't move at all. Is this interesting? | Share this The trailer at the archaeological dig where Hammond meets Grant and Sattler is no doubt a (highway-legal) 8 feet in width as seen from the outside, but the "champagne" scene which follows takes place in a cavernous mock-up much wider to accommodate workbenches, a full-size refrigerator, etc.

Miscellaneous
When Dennis slides down the bank (waterfall) you can see a section of it that has been cut to make a sort of slide for him to go down. It is unlikely to be a storm gutter, plus Dennis manages to slip exactly where it is.

Miscellaneous
When Gennaro leaves the driver-side door open and runs away, Timmy goes to close the door and you can see the cover for the seat belt next to the driver-side window but no seat belt is visible. Once Timmy closes the door and you look out the driver-side window, the cover is missing; all you see is the opening where the cover would be installed.

Miscellaneous
When the Jeep is being chased by the T-Rex, the camera goes to the driver's side mirror showing the T-Rex and "Objects in mirror are closer than they appear". This phrase is only needed for mirrors with convex glass (used to allow the driver to have a wider viewing range and found on the passenger side of the vehicle), which the driver's side mirror does not have (it uses a piece of flat glass).

Miscellaneous
During lunch, the characters eat in a round room with projectors displaying slides on the opposite wall, around the room. The diners and the wait staff would be in the projector beams, but cast no shadows on the screens. The images are obviously rear-projection.

Miscellaneous
As the Ford Explorer that has just chased Grant and Tim down the tree topples over and smashes onto the floor, the huge tree root on the right of the shot moves showing it's not a tree root at all and doesn't go into the ground it's just resting on the floor.

Miscellaneous
In the scene where the T-Rex flips the Jeep over the viewer can see a floodlight in the background being hidden by a tree. The tree which hides the light still sits in a large pot, although it should be planted.

Crew/Equipment Visible
When the T-Rex spins the upside down Explorer, in one shot a wire is visible connected to the vehicle. It is in the shot where the animatronics legs are visible.

Miscellaneous
When the T-Rex attacks the herd of Gallimimus, one of them leaps up toward the T-Rex and the Gallimimus' top half disappears into the T-Rex's body for a second.

Miscellaneous
From the control room, Hammond sees Malcolm speaking to him through a surveillance camera apparently mounted in the vehicle. Interior shots of the vehicles, however, show no evidence of cameras anywhere in the vehicles, particularly the part that Malcolm appears to have been looking at. Early concept art for the film did show where the cameras would be, but the final design does not appear to include them.

Miscellaneous
A number of obvious goofs from the Dilophosaurus sequence: - Before it opens up its frill, you can see nothing on the animal's neck that would suggest is has a frill. It simply appears from one shot to the next. - As the animal opens up its frill, you can see the wire that held the frill down being quickly pulled back. You can also notice a curiously narrow area around the neck -- that's where the wire was wrapped around it in the beginning of the shot. - When the frill is fully opened, it flops around a lot. In the next shot, it is resting firmly on the animal's neck, suggesting it is either another prop, or has been attached more firmly between takes.

Miscellaneous
When the T-Rex flips the car with the children in it over, you can see a plant in a flower pot.

Miscellaneous
When Muldoon, Ellie, and Malcolm are being chased by the T-Rex, the Rex moves towards Malcolm (seated in the back) and Malcolm leans back fast in fright, moving the gear stick from fourth to third gear. This should have slowed the Jeep and made the engine rev up. Neither happens.

Miscellaneous
When the T-Rex chase starts, the camera angle changes to Muldoon changing gears in the Jeep. It appears that he changes gears from second to first, not vice versa.

Miscellaneous
When Grant and the children are approached by the brachiosaurus in the tree, there is a shot where you see Tim's stand-in from behind, who has straight, and significantly longer, hair.

Factual Mistake
There is an absence of blood on the shredded harness used to hold the cow after it has been fed to the Raptors, despite the violence of the feeding scene.

Crew/Equipment Visible
In the kitchen scene, you can see the reflection of various shiny objects on the metallic tables through the reflection of the raptors. This wouldn't be possible, unless the raptors were see-through.

Continuity
When the T-Rex slams the side of the car with the kids, and later slams the side of the escaping jeep with Malcolm in the back, there is no visible damage to the vehicles.

Crew/Equipment Visible
When Grant and the children are climbing the electric fence the soles of Grant's boots can be seen and are completely clean and free of any mud or debris.

Crew/Equipment Visible
Tire tracks of the vehicle driving the camera around are clearly visible in the grass during the Gallimimus stampede.

Audio/Video Mismatch
In the final T-Rex scene, the T-Rex throws a raptor at the T-Rex skeleton. The sound for the raptor hitting the skeleton is late.

Miscellaneous
As the T-Rex rears its head up with the Velociraptor in its mouth, the raptor disappears completely for just a moment, then pops back into view.
Trivia:
There are only 15 minutes of dinosaurs throughout the duration of this movie: 9 minutes of which were the grand animatronics of Stan Winston.

The sounds made by the Brachiosaurs in this movie were a combination of whale and donkey sounds.

The film was followed by two sequels, "The Lost World: Jurassic Park" and "Jurassic Park III", which both became box office successes but received a mixed critical response. A fourth film entitled "Jurassic World" is scheduled for release in 2015.

"Jurassic Park" is considered by many as one of the greatest science fiction films ever made, as well as a landmark in the vector of visual effects, in regards to computer-generated imagery and animatronics.

The film won more than 20 awards (including 3 Academy Awards), mostly for its visual effects. Following a 3D re-release in 2013 to celebrate its 20th anniversary, Jurassic Park's total gross eclipsed $1 billion, making it the 17th film to do so.

Following an extensive $65 million marketing campaign, which included licensing deals with 100 companies, Jurassic Park grossed over $900 million worldwide in its original theatrical run. It surpassed Spielberg's 1982 film ET the Extra-Terrestrial to become the highest-grossing film at the time (a distinction it would yield to Titanic four years later).

To showcase the film's sound design, which included a mixture of various animal noises for the dinosaur roars, Spielberg invested in the creation of DTS, a company specializing in digital surround sound formats.

The dinosaurs were created through groundbreaking computer-generated imagery by Industrial Light & Magic in conjunction with life-sized animatronic dinosaurs built by Stan Winston's team.

Filming took place in California and Hawaii between August and November 1992, and post-production rolled until May 1993, being supervised by Spielberg in Poland as he filmed Schindler's List.

It is based on the 1990 novel of the same name by Michael Crichton, with a screenplay written by Crichton and David Koepp. Before Crichton's book was published, four studios put in bids to acquire the film rights. Spielberg, with the backing of Universal Studios, acquired the rights for $1.5 million before publication in 1990, and Crichton was hired for an additional $500,000 to adapt the novel for the screen. David Koepp wrote the final draft, which left out much of the novel's exposition and violence and made numerous changes to the characters.

In the original script, Gennaro and Malcolm were combined into one character, and Muldoon survived in the end. In the original book, Gennaro and Muldoon both survived, and Hammond and Malcolm died (though Malcolm returned in "The Lost World: Jurassic Park" (1997), explaining that "doctors did excellent work").

With every new draft of the script, there was a different set of survivors and a different set of characters dying. At various points during pre-production, Hammond, Malcolm, and Dr Wu were going to die and Gennaro and Muldoon were going to live.

The first film to use DTS (now Datasat) Digital Surround Sound.

To study the movement of the Gallimimus herd, the film's digital artists were ordered to run along a stretch of road with some obstacles, their hands next to their chest.

According to Daan Sandee (Thinking Machines Corp), the CM-5 super computer used in the control room was one of only two ever built to that size (1024 nodes). The other machine was at Los Alamos. The machine used in the movie was sold as smaller segments after the scenes were complete. Mirrors were used to make it seem like more CM-5's were present.

Before Steven Spielberg decided to use animatronic dinosaurs and computer-generated effects, he wanted to use stop motion animation for the dinosaur effects and had Phil Tippett put together a short demo of the kitchen scene using claymation dinosaurs (Barbie dolls were substituted for the actual actors).

The blip sound on the Silicon Graphics computers and the blip on the Apple Macintosh Quadra 700 is a blip sound from a Motorola-brand cell phone.

The helicopter used in the movie was later involved in an accident in Hawaii in March 2001. In the accident, the chopper dropped ten feet to the ground, bounced back up and then tipped on its right side.

Briefly held the box office record until it was beaten by Titanic (1997).

The original idea for "Jurassic Park" (1993), came from Michael Crichton's attempt in 1983 to write a screenplay about a Pterodactyl being cloned from an egg. The screenplay and movie never came to fruition. Originally, Crichton's novel was rejected by his "people", a group of about 5 or 6 personal acquaintances who always read his drafts before he sends them off. After several rejections, Crichton finally figured out what was wrong: he had originally intended for the story to be through the eyes of a child who was at the park when the dinosaurs escaped, which his peers felt was too ridiculous, and could not identify with the character. Michael Crichton re-wrote the story as it is today, and it became a huge hit. (The story also incorporates the "amusement park run amok" element of Michael Crichton's Westworld (1973).)

Malia Scotch Marmo did some rewrites on the final script but remains uncredited.

Brian Cox was interviewed for Muldoon

The release strategy was planned 15 months before the studio had the chance to see a frame of the movie.

Steven Spielberg considered hiring Bob Gurr to do the full size dinosaurs because he was impressed with his apes in the "Kongfrontation" ride at Universal Studios.

Director Steven Spielberg and author Michael Crichton first met over two decades earlier, when Spielberg gave Crichton a tour of Universal Studios during the production ofThe Andromeda Strain (1971).

As the movie was released in Costa Rica, local theater owners scratched/blurred the San Jose tag during the scene when Nedry waits for his contact in what supposedly was the country's capital, because the local audiences reacted negatively to inaccuracies in the scene's geography.

Much of the behavior seen in the film is based on modern wild animals, since little is known of the actual behavior of dinosaurs.

It was while supervising post-production on this film that George Lucas decided that technology was good enough to begin work on the Star Wars prequels. Appropriately,Samuel L. Jackson was able to appear in those films as well.

The crew were caught in a very dangerous Hurricane, Hurricane Iniki which hit the island of Kauai. The film-makers managed to capture shots from the Hurricane and use it in the movie. This incident was told in a recent episode of Storm Stories.

The tyrannosaur paddock set was constructed both on location and as a studio set. The former was for the daytime scene in which the creature fails to appear, and the latter for its nighttime escape, in order to accommodate Stan Winston's robotic t-rex. This set required a soundstage much bigger than Universal had to offer, so it was filmed at Warner Bros.

Except for some very brief glimpses in the opening scene, the adult velociraptors - often cited as the most memorable dinosaurs in this film - don't make an on-screen appearance until over 103 minutes into the movie.

The Franchi SPAS-12 shotguns used by Robert Muldoon and Alan Grant in the film have the first generation stock option. The first generation shotgun stock was designed so that a spring loaded stud mounted on the interior of the stock locked into the rear sight. By pulling this stud rearward it clears the sight and the stock can be unfolded. Muldoon can clearly be seen depressing this stud when he is hunting the Velociraptors moments before his famous "clever girl" last words.

In a moment of the movie, one Velociraptor appears in head shot illuminated with a computer screen full of four letters repeated time and time again: "ACGT". These letters are the acronym for Adenine, Cytosine, Guanine and Thymine, the DNA's base pair.

Gerald R Molen:  Film's producer played Dr Gerry Harding, the character who was out on the field with the sick triceratops.

Steven Spielberg:  [Signs]  Using a sign with directions or instructions as a joke. In this case, the T-Rex's jaws filling the side-view mirror of the car, with the mirror reading, "Objects in mirror are closer than they appear."

Steven Spielberg:  [Father]  Grant hates the idea of being a father.

The ending where the T-Rex saves the day was added when Steven Spielberg decided that it was the hero of the film.

In the original novel, John Hammond is killed by a small dinosaur called a Procompsognathid, a species which does not appear in this film. However, this death scene was resurrected and reworked for the sequel, The Lost World: Jurassic Park(1997).

In one of the first drafts of the script, the character of Ian Malcolm (Jeff Goldblum) was not included. Instead, the character of Donald Gennaro (Martin Ferrero) is injured in the scene where the T-Rex attacks the cars.

Later in the movie, as one of the jeeps pulls up, right before they get out, the camera zooms in on the jeep door. The "Jurassic Park" (1993) logo is on the door, but it is covered in mud so that the only words that can be read is "ur ass Park", perhaps a subtle joke about many of the characters getting hurt or killed in the movie.

The scene where the T-Rex comes out of the bushes and eats the gallimimus was actually shot on the island of Oahu at Kualoa Ranch. This was the only outdoor scene not filmed on Kauai, due to Hurricane Iniki.

Tim makes references about Robert Bakker and his dinosaur book. Bakker was a technical advisor on Jurassic Park (1993).

William Hurt was offered the role of Dr. Grant, but he turned it down without reading the book or the script.

Richard Attenborough's first acting role in 15 years.

Steven Spielberg wanted the velociraptors to be about 10 feet tall, which was taller than they were known to be. During filming, paleontologists uncovered 10-foot-tall specimens of raptors called Utahraptors.

Juliette Binoche was offered the role of Dr. Ellie Sattler, but she turned it down in order to make Three Colors: Blue (1993) with Krzysztof Kieslowski.

All the merchandise (T-Shirts, stuffed dinosaurs, lunch boxes, flasks, etc.) shown in the film were, in some part, actually created to be sold with the movie.

Newspaper clippings on the fridge in Grant's trailer read "Space Aliens Stole My Face" and "Dinosaurs On Mars!"

The gun that game warden Muldoon uses is an Italian Franchi SPAS 12, a commonly used gun in films due to its aesthetic modern appearance. Steven Spielberg kept the gun after the production ended. It is part of his very large, private gun collection, and he had many of the stars sign it. When he invites guests to his home in Beverly Hills, he lets them shoot it.

In the original script, the T-Rex skeleton in the lobby was hooked up to pulleys like a giant marionette. In the ending, Grant was going to man the controls and act as puppeteer, using the skeleton's head and feet to crush the raptors.

The novel was published in 1990. However, pre-production of the film began in 1989, using only Michael Crichton's manuscript. It was widely believed that the book would be such a hit that it would make an outstanding movie. It turns out that assumption was correct.

For the part where the T-Rex catches a Galliminus and shakes it in his mouth, the sound was taken from a dog shaking a toy in its mouth.

Principal photography finished 12 days ahead of schedule and on budget.

In the shots of the gift shop, clearly visible is a book entitled "The Making of Jurassic Park" by Don Shay and Jody Duncan. This title was published but tells the behind the scenes story of how the film was made. Jody Duncan also wrote the "Making Of" book for "The Lost World: Jurassic Park" (1997).

To give the 1993 Ford Explorer XLTs the appearance that they were driverless and were running on an electric track, the SUVs were driven by remote from the rear cargo area of the vehicle. The driver was hidden under the Ford Explorer's cargo canvas, which was always pulled closed during filming. To see where to steer the SUV, the driver watched a small TV that was fed outside images via two cameras. One camera was mounted on the dash in front of the steering wheel, and the other was mounted on the lower center portion of the front bumper, above a black box. Both cameras can be clearly seen in the movie several times.

The company name "InGen" is the Norwegian, Danish and Swedish word for "nobody".

The real species called Velociraptor was much smaller (about turkey-sized) than the animals in the film and were believed to have been feathered. They were part of bipedal, bird-like predators of the family Dromaeosauridae, some of which were even larger than the "velociraptors" in the film.

The picture that can be seen taped to programmer Dennis Nedry's computer monitor is of J Robert Oppenheimer. The picture is partly obscured by a post-it with an atomic bomb mushroom cloud drawn on it.

Richard Attenborough plays Joseph Mazzello's Grandfather. He subsequently cast Mazzello in his next film, Shadowlands (1993).

Grant and Sattler unearth a Velociraptor skeleton in Montana early in the film, and later encounter live Velociraptors that are about the size of a full grown human. In reality, Velociraptors were not even half the size of the animals seen in the film, and their remains have mainly been found in Asia, never in Montana. The species identified as Velociraptor in the film is actually more consistent with Deinonychus. When Michael Crichton was doing his research, he used the book Predatory Dinosaurs of the World by renowned paleontologist Gregory Paul, in which he had proposed that Velociraptor and Deinonychus were species within the same genus. This theory was abandoned by the time the movie was made, but the names for the film weren't corrected.

Hammond (Richard Attenborough) creates the dinosaurs from DNA trapped in amber. He also carries around a cane capped with a mosquito in amber. Attenborough's brother is naturalist David Attenborough, who has his own collection of animals trapped in amber. This was the focus of The Natural World: The Amber Time Machine (2004).

The scene where Grant, Tim and Lex meet the heard of Gallimimuses was scheduled to be the last scene shot on location in Kauai. When Hurricane Iniki hit, filming for this scene had to be postponed. Production returned to California and then, a few weeks later, Sam Neill, Joseph Mazzello and Ariana Richards had to travel back to Hawaii, but this time to the island of Oahu, to shoot the scene.

The sounds made by the Dilophosaurus were a combination of the sounds of howler monkeys, hawks, rattlesnakes, and swans. The main cry of the Velicoraptors was a combination of the sounds of elephant seal pups, dolphins and walruses. The elephant seal sounds were recorded at The Marine Mammal Center in Sausalito, CA, a marine mammal hospital that rehabilitates and releases sick and injured seals and sea lions.

The sounds made by the Brachiosaurs were a combination of whale and donkey sounds.

The film cut out many species of dinosaur that were featured in the novel for budgetary and technological reasons. One of these was a small, chicken-sized dinosaur called Procompsognathids, which later made an appearance in "The Lost World: Jurassic Park"(1997). Dr Wu explains their reason for having this creature: Dinosaur excrement, he presumes, would have been bio-degradable during the Cenozoic era. However, in the modern day, bacteria have evolved to the point that it is no longer able to break down dinosaur waste, and the larger dinosaurs produce quite a lot of it. "Compys," as they are called, eat the other dinosaurs' waste and then excrete it themselves in smaller piles which are more easily broken down by present-day bacteria. The lack of compys in the film may explain the mountain of excrement that Ellie finds.

Phil Tippett became quite depressed when he learned that none of the stop-motion creatures he had been developing would be used in the film. However, shortly after that decision had been made, ILM animators discovered they did actually have a use for him. While none of his stop-motion models would be seen in the film, his techniques were determined to be quite useful in animating the computer-generated dinosaurs, especially given how much research he had put into animal movement. Rather than creating the dinosaur motion using key-frame animation, it was decided to build a stop-motion armature for each computer generated dinosaur and manipulate it as they would for a stop-motion film. These armatures were specially built with motion-sensors, and linked up to the animated dinosaurs being created on the computer. Thus, the motion of the stop-motion armature was directly translated into the computer-generated version that appears in the final film.

In the shooting script, it was written that, during the Tyrannosaur's escape, Malcolm would simply get out of the car and run away, much as Genarro had done moments before. In fact, this is how Malcolm behaves in the scene as written in the book. When the time came to film the scene, it was Jeff Goldblum's idea to make his flight more heroic, by having him distract the Tyrannosaur so Grant could save the children.

Dylan McDermott and Tom Sizemore tested for the role of Alan Grant.

According to Foley Artist Dennie Thorpe, the sounds of the hatching baby dinosaurs were created by a combination of crushing ice cream cones (egg shell breaking), squishing cantaloupe melon halves (embryonic emergence), goo-smeared pineapple skin (baby dinosaur flesh cleansing).

CAME(Excision): Jeff Abel, better know as Canadian dubstep producer Excision, has a small cameo appearance.

Despite his prominent billing, 'BD Wong' has less than two minutes of screen time.

Was followed by two sequels. There were plans for a fourth film, but they were immediately scrapped in late 2008, after the death of Michael Crichton. However in 2012, they eventually did decide to set things into motion, and have announced a planned release date for 2014.

In Michael Crichton's novel, John Hammond proudly says that the narrator on the prerecorded park tour is Richard Kiley. Later, Kiley was hired to play himself in that role for the movie; possibly the first instance of a celebrity appearing in a book, and then later cast as him or herself in the film version. This feat was not repeated until 2009, when boxer Paolo Roberto played himself in the film version of The Girl Who Played with Fire (2009). He too was already previously featured as a character in the book.

At one point Lex is hanging from a floorboard between stories. She looks up for a moment. The stunt double looked up accidentally while filming and Ariana Richards' face had to be superimposed in post production.

On 11 September 1992, Hurricane Iniki hit the island of Kauai, delaying production of the film. Much of the crew helped in the clean up.

As the story takes place on an island near Costa Rica, the filmmakers originally considered filming in Costa Rica. This idea was quickly abandoned when they realized that the Costa Rican government would not allow them to build roads to get to their filming locations.

There were two animatronic Tyrannosaurus built for filming. One was the full-body version, the other only consisted of a head and was used for closeups.

In the egg-hatching scene, a new-born baby triceratops was originally supposed to come out of the egg, but it was changed to a velociraptor.

Generally speaking, any shot of a full dinosaur was computer-generated, but shots of parts of dinosaurs were of animatronics.

The full-sized animatron of the tyrannosaurus rex weighed about 13,000 to 15,000 pounds. During the shooting of the initial T-rex attack scene that took place in a downpour and was shot on a soundstage, the latex that covered the T-rex puppet absorbed great amounts of water, making it much heavier and harder to control. Technicians worked throughout the night with blow driers trying to dry the latex out. Eventually, they suspended a platform above the T-rex, out of camera range, to keep the water off it during filming.

There were so many wires and rigging to control the velociraptor animatrons in the kitchen stalking scene that the child actors had to literally step over and around them while the scene was being filmed. The kitchen set was greatly expanded from the original design to accommodate the velociraptors. Some reports say that all of the dinosaurs in the kitchen scene were computer-generated.

Many errors were corrected digitally: some stunt people were made to look like the actors, and in one scene an entire Ford Explorer was digitally generated.

The T-rex occasionally malfunctioned, due to the rain. Producer Kathleen Kennedy recalls, "The T. rex went into the heebie-jeebies sometimes. Scared the crap out of us. We'd be, like, eating lunch, and all of a sudden a T-rex would come alive. At first we didn't know what was happening, and then we realized it was the rain. You'd hear people start screaming."

When the T-Rex comes through the glass roof of the Explorer in the first attack, the glass was not meant to break, producing the noticeably genuine screams from the children.

Years after this film wrapped, it was discovered due to fossil impressions of velociraptor skin that they were feathered, implying that Grant was indeed right that they evolved into birds.

The Tyrannosaurus' roars were a combination of dog, penguin, tiger, alligator, and elephant sounds.

Jim Carrey was considered for the role of Ian Malcolm.

A baby triceratops was built for a scene where one of the kids rides it. Special effects technicians worked on this effect for a year but the scene was cut at the last minute asSteven Spielberg thought it would ruin the pacing of the film.

Both the film and the book generated so much interest in dinosaurs that the study of paleontology has had a record increase in students, and interest in general has skyrocketed, and has been at an all-time high ever since.

Harrison Ford turned down the role of Dr Alan Grant.

Director Steven Spielberg was worried that computer graphics meant Nintendo type cartoon quality. He originally only wanted the herd of gallimimus dinosaurs to be computer-generated, but upon seeing ILM's demo animation of a T-rex chasing a herd of galamides across his ranch, he decided to shoot nearly all the dinosaur scenes using this method. The animation was first plotted on an Amiga Toaster, and rendered for the film by Silicon Graphics' Indigo workstations.

The Dilophosaurus's venom-spitting and neck-frill became so iconic that almost every other appearance of the animal in popular media, as well as most of the Dilophosaurus children's toys advertise at least one or both of these aspects. Some even leave out the dinosaur's striking double-crests. In reality, however, the spitting ability was only made up by Michael Crichton', while adding the frill was Steven Spielberg's idea. Real Dilophosaurus possessed neither of these traits, with the twin crests and its thin jaws (the latter of which isn't very evident in the movie's design) being its real discerning features.

When Hurricane Iniki hit, the cast and crew were all required to move into the ballroom of the hotel they were staying in. Richard Attenborough, however, stayed in his hotel room, and slept through the entire event. When asked how he could possibly have done this, Attenborough replied, "My dear boy, I survived the blitz!"

The guest's encounter with the sick Triceratops ends without any clear explanation as to why the animal is sick. Michael Crichton's original novel and the screenplay, however, includes an explanation: the Stegosaur/Triceratops lacked suitable teeth for grinding food and so, like birds, would swallow rocks and use them as gizzard stones. In the digestive tract, these rocks would grind the food to aid in digestion. After six weeks, the rocks would become too smooth to be useful, and the animal would regurgitate them. When finding and eating new rocks to use, the animal would also swallow West Indian Lilac berries. The fact that the berries and stones are regurgitated explains why Ellie never finds traces of them in the animal's excrement.

Michael Crichton has said that his views on science and genetic engineering are largely expressed by Ian Malcolm. Steven Spielberg saw many parallels to himself in the character of John Hammond. Fittingly, he cast a fellow filmmaker in the role, who begins his tour of the park by showing a film, in which he also acts. While Malcolm is dressed entirely in black, Hammond wears all white.

Perhaps to increase the general sense of anxiety (if only subconsciously), the Triceratops mural behind Hammond as he eats ice cream in the visitors center also incorporates elements from "Guernica," Pablo Picasso's famous painting of the horrors of war.

Dr Malcolm's quip that Sattler's and Grant's jobs are extinct is quoted from what puppeteer Phil Tippett said to Steven Spielberg when he decided to use CGI and not Go-Motion. Spielberg stuck it into the film.

Shortly after Nedry makes his first appearance in the control room, during his argument with Hammond, you can clearly see the movie Jaws (1975) playing in a small video window on one of Nedry's computer screens. That movie was, of course, directed by Steven Speilberg.

When getting an update on a storm, Hammond says "Why didn't I build in Orlando?" The distributor, Universal Studios, has two theme parks there. One of them, Islands of Adventure has a Jurassic Park ride.

Sandra Bullock, Gwyneth Paltrow, Julianne Moore, Helen Hunt, Teri Hatcher, Elizabeth Hurley and Sherilyn Fenn tested for the role of Ellie Sattler.

The movie marked the climax of the "Dinosaur Renaissance", a groundbreaking scientific revolution that lasted from the '60s 'till the early '90s, during which dinosaurs went from being seen as sluggish, dimwitted and cold-blooded reptiles to the agile, intelligent and warm-blooded animals depicted in the film. It also presented a new kind of visual "design" of the dinosaurs to the public. Much of this can be traced back to the works of paleontologists John Ostrom (who first realized the uniqueness of "raptor" dinosaurs), Bob Bakker, Jack Horner (on whom the character of Dr. Alan Grant was based) and Gregory Paul. In fact, modern day paleontologists often jokingly call the '90s and early 2000s the "Paulian Era", because the appearances of the dinosaurs in the movie and in virtually every other piece of work created at this time were based on reconstructions originally made by Greg Paul. Newer scientific findings have, however, proven much of these to be incorrect, which has lead to the coining of the term "shrink-wrapped dinosaurs", as many of Paul's reconstructions (and by extension, the JP dinosaurs) look like dinosaur skeletons coated in muscle and skin, but virtually no other soft tissue.

Michael Crichton's agents circulated the book to six studios and directors. Warner Brothers wanted it for Tim Burton to direct while Columbia was planning it for Richard Donner. Fox was also interested and was intending the project for Joe Dante, while Universal wanted 'Steven Spielberg' to direct. Crichton was reluctant to submit to a bidding war, He instructed his agents to put a set price on the film rights and he could decide who was more likely to actually get the film made. After interviewing all the prospective directors, he agreed to sell the rights to Universal and Steven Spielberg, who was already his first choice.

The glass of water sitting on the dash of the Ford Explorer was made to ripple using a guitar string that was attached to the underside of the dash beneath the glass.

Steven Spielberg was so confident with this film that he started making his next film (Schindler's List (1993)), placing post-production in the hands of George Lucas.

After Joseph Mazzello was turned down for the role of Jack Banning in Steven Spielberg'sHook (1991) for being too young, Spielberg told Mazzello that he was still impressed with his audition and would try to cast him in a future project. Mazzello was then cast as Tim in this movie. As Mazzello recalls, "Steven had me screen-test with Robin Williams and Dustin Hoffman for Hook. I was just too young for the role. And because of that, Steven came up to me and said, 'Don't worry about it, Joey. I'm going to get you in a movie this summer.' Not only a nice promise to get, but to have it be one of the biggest box-office smashes of all time? That's a pretty good trade." Mazzello's casting led Spielberg to reverse the ages of the children, as he decided that casting a girl younger than Mazzello would be too young to be placed in danger. Lex was therefore made the older child, and the computer expert as well. In Crichton's original novel, Tim is older, and is both the dinosaur and computer enthusiast.

Universal paid Michael Crichton $2 million for the rights to his novel before it was even published.

Sam Neill injured his hand lighting the flare he uses to distract the Tyrannosaur. According to Neill, "It dropped some burning ­phosphorous on me and got under my watch and took a chunk of my arm out."

The film opened on Friday, June 11, 1993, and broke box office records its first weekend, with $47 million. It eventually went on to make more than $900 million worldwide. David Koepp remembers the day it opened: "I was in New York and I walked to the Ziegfeld [Theatre] to see how it was doing. The guy comes out and announces to the big line, 'Ladies and gentlemen, the 7 o'clock show of "Jurassic Park" is sold out.' And people go, 'Oooh.' And he goes, 'Also the 10 o'clock show is sold out.' And they went, 'Ooooooh.' 'And also Saturday night's 7 and 10 o'clock shows are also sold out.' And I was like, 'I'm not an expert, but I think this is very good.'"

After making this movie, Ariana Richards developed a great interest in dinosaurs, and assisted Jack Horner (paleontologist advisor for the film and the inspiration for the Dr. Grant character) on an actual dinosaur dig in Montana the following summer.

Scenes of the T-Rex attacking Grant and the kids while they ride down a river and through a running waterfall were cut before filming.

Sean Connery was offered the role of John Hammond.

Jodie Foster, Sigourney Weaver, Michelle Pfeiffer, Ally Sheedy, Geena Davis, Daryl Hannah, Jennifer Grey, Kelly McGillis, Jamie Lee Curtis, Julia Roberts, Linda Hamilton,Sarah Jessica Parker, Bridget Fonda, Joan Cusack, and Debra Winger were all considered for the role of Dr. Ellie Sattler.

This is the movie that inspired BBC's Tim Haines to produce the groundbreaking dinosaur documentary series Walking with Dinosaurs (1999) and its various follow-ups. But it also made his and the animators' job at Framestore harder, as people have already had an idea of what dinosaurs "should" look and move like.

Laura Linney auditioned for the role of Ellie Sattler.

When Nedry is stealing the dinosaur embryos there is one labeled a Brontosaurus. Brontosaurus was not a real dinosaur but one named by a paleontologist that had the wrong skull on his specimen. The correct skull for the animal was found by a different scientist and it was then called the Apotasaurus.

The computer in the back of the computer room with the many (65536) red LEDs is actually a real computer: The Connection Machine CM-5 made by Thinking Machines. It contained many SPARC 2 RISC processors and the LEDs were added to make the machine more aesthetically pleasing than their previous models. Unfortunately, it was not actually a very good supercomputer and the company failed not long afterward. The comment about networking eight connection machines is pretty superfluous as they were meant to be used like this. The bigger problem was writing programs that efficiently mapped onto the data parallel architecture.

Ariana Richards was upset by the fact that an action figure of her character was not produced. (Kenner only made dolls of Grant, Sattler, Muldoon, Nedry, Tim, and eventually Malcolm.)

In the scene where the survivors are crawling through vent spaces, the computer monitors are shining on the raptor after them. This is usually mistaken as being the shadows from the air vents. It's the letters GATC, the four letters used to denote the components of DNA.

'Robin Wright' (V)' was offered the role of Dr Ellie Sattler.

Steven Spielberg considered Richard Dreyfuss for the role of Dr Alan Grant.

Steven Spielberg delayed the beginning of filming by several weeks to get the cast he wanted. First he allowed Richard Attenborough to finish post-production on his own filmChaplin (1992) before committing to the film. He also waited until Sam Neill could finish filming Family Pictures (1993). Neill ended up only having a weekend off between finishing that film and starting this one.

Ian Malcolm (Jeff Goldblum) dresses entirely in black in both this film and its sequel. In the book, he tells Ellie Sattler that he only ever dresses in black and gray, so that he never has to waste time thinking about what to wear. Seth Brundle (Jeff Goldblum) gives the same reason for his monotonous fashion sense in The Fly (1986).

While discussing chaos theory, Ian Malcolm (Jeff Goldblum) shamelessly flirts with Ellie Sattler (Laura Dern). After meeting on this film, the two actors began a romantic relationship, and were engaged for two years before breaking up.

When Dr Grant is talking to the boy in the beginning of the movie, there is a dinosaur's head depicted on the mountain in the back.

In the book, the sick animal is a Stegosaurus, said by Ian Malcolm to be sick because the Jurassic era air had more oxygen than the Holocene, part of the chaos theory.

The park software is written in Pascal; a program is clearly visible in one of the monitor close-ups on the UNIX system. The graphical interface recognized as a UNIX system was the experimental Silicon Graphics 3D File System Navigator. The version number of the Silicon Graphics UNIX Operating System is 4.0.5 and is visible in one of the close-ups in the operating system's shell window (command program).

In this film, Steven Spielberg directs the man who beat him to the Best Director Oscar in 1983 (Richard Attenborough, whose film Gandhi (1982) also beat Spielberg's E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982) as Best Picture).

A large photo of J. Robert Oppenheimer (one of the scientists who created the atomic bomb) is displayed on Dennis Nedry's workstation.

Ariana Richards' audition consisted of standing in front of a camera and screaming wildly. Director Steven Spielberg "wanted to see how she could show fear." Richards remembers, "I heard later on that Steven had watched a few girls on tape that day, and I was the only one who ended up waking his sleeping wife off the couch, and she came running through the hallway to see if the kids were all right."

Steven Spielberg was in the very early stages of pre-production for the film "ER" (based on a Michael Crichton novel), when he heard about the "Jurassic Park" book. He subsequently dumped what he was doing to make the film. Afterwards, he returned to "ER" and helped develop it into a hit TV series (ER (1994)).

Anna Chlumsky and Christina Ricci auditioned for the role of Lex Murphy, but the part went to Ariana Richards.

There are only 15 minutes of actual dinosaur footage in the film: 9 minutes are Stan Winston's animatronics, 6 minutes of it is ILM's CGI.

Alan Grant is modeled after Paleontologist Jack Horner who, like Grant, digs and teaches in Montana, and was also a technical advisor on this film.

Dr. Alan Grant has at least 2 dinosaur models from the 1988 Carnegie Collection: The original green color Tyrannosaurus Rex, and the adult Apatosaurus.

The highest-grossing film of 1993; it outdid Steven Spielberg's own ET the "Extra-Terrestrial" (1982) as the then biggest success in film history. It would hold that record until "Titanic" (1997), and then James Cameron would also outperform himself with the release of "Avatar" (2009).

On the walls inside Grant and Settler's trailer are a couple of scientific skeletal reconstructions of raptors, according to how they had really been imagined in the beginning of the '90s. Interestingly, these are actually the most accurate dinosaur reconstructions on the film, having been made by paleontologist and paleo-artist Gregory Paul, whose book (Predatory Dinosaurs of the World) Michael Crichton studied when writing the original Jurassic Park novel. One of the papers on the wall is in fact a page from Paul's book.

Fred Sorenson was the pilot who flew the crew off Kauai when the hurricane hit during production. He played Jock, the pilot who flew Indiana Jones away in the opening scene of Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981), also directed by Steven Spielberg.

The raptors in the kitchen scene was filmed on Joseph Mazzello's 9th birthday. Due to a misunderstanding, Joseph ran into one of the raptors on one of the takes and was injured.
Movie Connection(s):
Followed by: Jurassic World (English)